Integrate these moves into your program to improve flexibility and protect your shoulders from all angles.

The shoulder is a tricky joint because it moves in multiple directions as well as in rotation. Ensuring the joint is mobile both before and after training is key to executing solid lifts and preventing injury. Integrate these moves into your program to improve flexibility and protect your shoulders from all angles.


Arm Circles

Do 10 large arm circles to the front and 10 to the back with each arm. Repeat twice.


Swing your arms open and closed at shoulder height, giving yourself a hug. Change the top arm for each rep. Do 20 reps.

Slow Plate Opener

Lie on your side and hold a 2.5-pound weight plate with your fingers through the hole, arm extended along the floor straight out from your shoulder, palm down. Keeping your arm straight, lift and open it to the side and behind you as far as you can go without twisting and pause. Then lift your hand toward your head and pause. Reverse steps to return to the start. Do eight on each arm.

Preworkout and Postworkout

Banded Shoulder Distraction 

Attach a superband to a pull-up bar and loop one hand through the end. Lunge back with the same-side leg with your arm extended and let the band pull it gently up and away. Relax your shoulder and lat as you slowly rotate your palm upward and then downward while keeping your arm extended.

Preworkout: Do 30 seconds on each side.

Postworkout: Do 60 to 90 seconds on each side.

Distracted Twist

Stand up from your shoulder distraction, then turn away from the band anchor toward your working arm so the arm is pulled across your body. Hold and twist toward and away gently, stretching the back side of the joint.

Preworkout: Do 30 seconds on each side.

Postworkout: Do 60 to 90 seconds on each side.

Standing Lacrosse-Ball Roll

Stand in a doorway (or facing the leg of a squat rack). Place the lacrosse ball between the wall and the area where your front delt and pecs meet and lean forward slightly. Roll around until you find an area that is tight, then hold and raise and lower your arm slowly.

Preworkout: Do no more than two minutes per side.

Postworkout: Do two to three minutes, depending on tightness.

Lying Lacrosse-Ball Roll

Lie faceup and place a lacrosse ball between one trap and the floor. Roll up and down, back and forth, pausing when you find tight areas. Move the ball to the area between your shoulder blade and your spine and repeat this process. Do both sides.

Preworkout: Do no more than two minutes per side.

Postworkout: Do two to five minutes, depending on tightness.

Powered by WPeMatico

Trade tight hips for peachy-keen glutes with this smooth-flowing dynamic stretching routine.

Tight hip flexors can neurologically weaken your glute complex, robbing you of the ability to fully extend your hips and cash in on complete gluteal activation. This means all that hard work you’re doing in the gym — lunging, squatting and deadlifting — may not actually be putting junk in your trunk! Use this dynamic stretching sequence preworkout on leg or glute days to activate your central nervous system, unlock your hips and get those glutes woke.

The Must-Do Stretch (; 0:36)

The Must-Do Stretch

Targets: hip flexors, psoas, side body 

Do 5 each side.

Kneel on the floor with your left foot forward and placed flat on the floor, knee bent. Reach both arms overhead and grab your right wrist with your left hand, elbows by your ears. Shift your weight forward as you simultaneously pull your right arm up and over to the left. Return to neutral and repeat. Do all reps on one side before switching.

Tip: Before leaning to the side, make sure you’re getting plenty of upward traction of your arm to create maximum space in your spine.

Kneeling Adductor Lunge and Reach (; 0:46)

Kneeling Adductor Lunge and Reach

Targets: adductors, groin, quadratus lumborum 

Do 5 each side.

Kneel on your left knee and externally rotate your right leg, placing your foot on the floor with your right heel aligned with your left knee. Grab your left wrist with your right hand overhead, then shift to the right and lunge into your right leg as you simultaneously pull your arm up and over to the right. Return to neutral, then shift to the left and pull your arm to the right as you straighten your right leg, foot flat on the floor. Flow smoothly from one side to the other.

Tip: Actively press your hips forward and squeeze your glutes throughout.

Kneeling Adductor Lunge and Reach (; 0:46)

Reverse Lunge and Reach

Targets: hip flexors, front body, lats 

Do 6 each side.

Stand with your feet together and then take a large step to the rear with one foot, placing your toes on the ground and keeping your leg straight as you bend your forward knee. Simultaneously reach both arms up and overhead, doing a small backbend if you can. Push off your rear foot and lower your arms to return to the start. Do all reps on one leg, then switch.

Tip: Lift up and out of your hips and rib cage before going into the backbend to prevent compression of your lower back.

90/90 Flashdance (; 0:58)

90/90 Flashdance

Targets: front body, quadratus lumborum, side body 

Do 5 each side.

Sit on the floor with your knees bent and feet flat. Drop both knees to the right, then slide your right foot back to touch your left knee and bring your right foot behind you, both knees bent 90 degrees. Place your right hand on the floor behind you, and then press your hips forward, squeeze your glutes and rise up onto your knees as you simultaneously extend your left arm overhead and behind you. Return to neutral and then place your left hand on your left foot, press your hips forward and rise up while you reach your right arm up and over. Transition smoothly between sides, then switch forward legs.

Tip: As you reach your arm behind you, flare your ribs and drive your hips toward the opposite wall to elongate your spine and prevent disk compression.

Glute Fan (; 0:40)

Glute Fan

Targets: piriformis and hamstrings 

Do 8 each side.

Lie faceup and cross your legs as you would when sitting on the floor. Grab your feet with your opposite hands and slowly pull them toward your head. Pause when you feel a stretch, then slowly return to the start. Complete reps with your left foot over your right, then switch and repeat.

Tip: To stretch those deep gluteal muscles (piriformis), pull your feet in closer to your chest.

Powered by WPeMatico

Here’s how to keep your spine safe and healthy from top to bottom and improve your results in the process.

Maintaining spinal integrity during exercise is paramount, but keeping your spine safe goes beyond the simple directive of maintaining good posture when performing big or heavy movements. It also expands into programming, workout timing and more. Here’s how to keep your spine safe and healthy from top to bottom and improve your results in the process.

Cervical Spine

Without your cervical spine, you’d lose your head — literally. This area consists of seven vertebrae originating at the bottom of your skull and running down your neck to shoulder/clavicle height. It works to support your head, move your spine and protect your spinal cord.

A common instruction when lifting is to maintain a neutral spine, but a lot of people neglect to include the cervical spine in that directive. No matter what compound movement you’re performing, your head should follow your torso every step of the way. You should never be looking up (hyperextending) or looking down (rounding over), which can cause compression in the cervical disks. And because the neck muscles that stabilize this area are much smaller and less powerful than the big spinal erectors that support the lumbar and thoracic spine, they are more easily injured.

Aside from executing proper form 24/7, strengthening the muscles that support the cervical spine 360 degrees around will help you maintain proper head posture during your workout and in all your life activities.

Do these two exercises preworkout to prep for the bigger compound movements to come.

Neck Raise

Do three to four sets of 30-second holds.

Lie faceup with your arms bent 90 degrees on either side of your head, palms facing up. Actively press your arms and hands down into the floor as you lift your head and neck up as far as you can without tucking your chin. Lower to the start and rest briefly, then repeat.

Chin Tuck

Do six sets of 10-second holds.

Stand with your back to a wall so your shoulders and glutes are touching and your heels are against the baseboard. Gently tuck your chin into your neck, and push the back of your head into the wall, gradually increasing the force as if you were trying to leave an impression. Release, rest briefly, then repeat.

Thoracic Spine

The thoracic spine consists of the 12 vertebrae located in your upper and middle back, originating at the end of the cervical spine and extending about 5 inches beyond the shoulder blades to the top of the lumbar spine. Your ribs are attached on either side to each thoracic vertebra, and those attached to T1 through T10 are also anchored in the front at the sternum.

Because this section of your spine is designed to protect and house your heart and lungs, it is fairly rigid and has limited mobility. What movement it does have is used for rotation. However, most people do not have very good mobility in this area, and this lack of rotational capacity is usually compensated for by the lumbar region. Since your thoracic spine should have about five times the rotational capacity of your lumbar spine, this is problematic. Strengthening and mobilizing this area is imperative to protect your lower back while improving performance.

Use these moves to mobilize your thoracic spine preworkout.

Foam-Roller Extension

Do four reps of 30-second holds.

Lie faceup and position a foam roller underneath you across your shoulder blades. Keep your glutes in contact with the floor as you relax completely over the roller, breathing deeply. With each breath, try to relax a little more and deepen the stretch.

Kettlebell Passive Rotation

Do four sets of 10 (each side).

Lie faceup and hold a light medicine ball between your knees. Lift your knees over your hips, legs bent 90 degrees. Hold a kettlebell in one hand over your shoulder and extend your other arm straight out to the side, palm down. Press both shoulders into the floor and keep your raised arm straight as you slowly lower your knees away from the loaded arm toward the floor. Gently touch them to the ground, then return to the start. Do all reps on one side, then switch.

Lumbar Spine

Your lumbar spine consists of five, thick vertebrae, and its function is to support the weight of your torso and head — a tall order for just five links in the chain. Now add to that the already burdensome job an overhead load such as with a squat or shoulder press and you’ll understand why the lower back is the most often injured area of the spine.

The lumbar spine can rotate, flex and extend, but even though it is pretty mobile, using correct exercise form is essential. You probably already know that when setting up for a squat or deadlift, a rounded back is quite dangerous. However, overcompensating by arching your back is no better and can cause vertebral compression, tilting the pelvis forward quite aggressively and shutting down the glutes and lower abs.

This move trains your lower back to resist excessive arching. Do it preworkout to wake up your core muscles in preparation for lifting.

Practical Applications

Designing your workouts to support spinal health is imperative if you want to remain erect into your 90s (and beyond). Here are some factors to consider when planning your programming.

Superset Smarts

Supersets are an excellent technique for boosting intensity and volume, pairing two moves back-to-back that focus on the same muscle group. However, if you’re lifting heavy, your spine endures a lot of compression, so the best way to do a superset is by pairing a move that has a heavy spinal load with a move that has a light spinal load. This allows you to maintain proper form and still get great results.

Perform four sets of 10 reps apiece of each move in your superset. For a loaded carry, shoot for 45 to 60 seconds for each of four rounds.

Extended Plank Walk

Do four sets of six to eight reps.

Stand with your feet hip-width apart, arms at your sides. Fold forward and plant your hands on the floor in front of you. Maintain a neutral spine as you walk your hands away from your feet until you come into plank (hands underneath your shoulders and your head, hips and heels aligned), then walk your hands out two to four more steps so you’re in an extended plank. Hold for three seconds, keeping your core tight and squeezing your glutes so your hips stay in position, then walk your hands all the way back to your feet. Either stand up and regroup or just go right into the next rep.

Time Your Training

You might have heard people say that they are taller in the morning and shorter at night, and there is actually some truth to this: Lying horizontally for eight hours allows the spine to decompress, and as it relaxes, excess intervertebral fluid enters the disks, making it stiff upon waking. This fluid needs time to drain off before you exercise because you are at greater risk for disk impingement or even herniation when your spinal column is rigid.

For this reason, doing heavy squats and deadlifts at 6 a.m. may be doing your spine more harm than good. These vertical pushing movements place a direct load on the vertebrae and are usually the lifts people try for the heaviest weights. If possible, get up two hours before you work out. Can’t make that happen? Either focus on lower-compression movements or put your big lifts to come last on the menu, focusing more on form and reps than on weight.

Move Forward by Not Moving

Isometric training — creating force against an immovable object — can be a big help in the quest for spinal health, with very little risk for injury. Asking your trunk muscles to resist unwanted forces by simply holding form is a wiser training directive than asking them to create force and make the spine move — for example, a plank or a side plank versus a twisting ab crunch.

Training your body to be stronger in the most difficult part of a lift is a good use for isometrics. Take a deadlift, for example: The bar starts on the floor, and since gravity is doing its best to keep that bar grounded, getting it to move upward is the most difficult point of the lift. Once in motion, kinetic energy helps generate momentum during the rest of the movement. So isometric work helps build power and muscle recruitment where you actually need it most.

You can use isometrics as part of your movement prep or as their own workout entirely. In any case, do moves like these two when your muscles are fresh and ready to produce maximal force in a safe setting.

Isometric Half-Kneeling Rotation

Do five sets of 15 seconds (per side).

Assume a half-kneeling position with your left leg forward next to an immovable object such as a pole, doorway or squat rack. Extend your arms in front of you at shoulder height and link your hands, positioning them on the right side of the pole. Apply pressure into the beam with straight arms by engaging all the muscles that would cause you to rotate to the left without actually moving. Imagine you want to push right through the pole. Release, rest briefly, then repeat.

Isometric Deadlift Pull

Do six sets of 10 to 15 seconds.

Load a barbell with 50 percent more weight than you can lift for your one-rep max so there is no way you can move it. Stand with your toes under the bar and grasp it outside your legs in either an overhand or an alternating grip, shoulders over the bar. Your knees should be slightly bent, hips higher than your knees, head aligned with your spine. As if you were going to do a deadlift, contract all your muscles and pull upward as hard as you can for a full 10 to 15 seconds. Release, rest briefly, then repeat.

Powered by WPeMatico

Improve blood flow, increase range of motion and relieve stress in less than five minutes with this five-part stretch.

How many of you out there skip your warm-up? Now that everyone in North America has raised their hands, let’s talk time-turkey: This stretch hits almost every muscle in your body and takes less than five minutes to execute. It also combines dynamic and static elements, challenging your central nervous system, increasing your range of motion, and lengthening and strengthening your muscles simultaneously.

Do these five positions in order, holding each for three to five seconds when using as a warm-up or for five to 10 seconds when using as a cool-down or for mobility training. Move smoothly between positions, and perform the entire sequence three to five times per side. Breathe deeply throughout, and each time you repeat the sequence, try to stretch a little farther.

Part 1: Lunge

For hip flexors, hamstrings, adductors, glutes, calves, lower back

Step your right leg forward and bend your right knee deeply, keeping your knee over your toes. Place both hands on the floor inside your right foot, aligning them with your instep, and square your hips. Keep your rear leg straight by actively pushing back through your heel, squeezing your glutes and contracting your quads.

Part 2: Elbow to Instep

For hip flexors, glutes, hamstrings, quads, calves, back

Holding your lunge position and keeping your left hand in place, bend your right elbow 90 degrees so your forearm is parallel with the floor and place it against the inside of your right leg. Slowly fold forward with a flat back and slide your elbow down your leg as far as you can without rounding your back. Your goal is to get your entire forearm on the floor with your elbow on the inside of your arch (shown).

Part 3: Internal/External Rotation and Reach

For thoracic spine, shoulders, chest, adductors, lower back, hamstrings, obliques, biceps

Place your right hand back on the floor inside your right foot and open your chest and shoulders to the left, reaching your left fingertips for the ceiling and looking up at your left hand (shown). Return both hands to the center, re-square your hips, then keep your left hand on the floor as you turn to the right, reaching your right fingertips for the ceiling and looking up toward your hand.

Part 4: Quad/Hip Stretch

For quads, hip flexors, adductors, chest, shoulders

Return to the center, then place your left knee on the floor and tuck your pelvis underneath as you reach your arms overhead, elbows by your ears. Don’t overarch your back; rather elongate by actively reaching upward.

Part 5: Hamstring Stretch

For hamstrings, back, calves

Lower your arms and place your fingertips on the floor on either side of your right foot, then lift your glutes toward the ceiling as you straighten your right leg. Square your hips and keep your back as flat as possible as you lift your right toes and press back into your left heel.   

Powered by WPeMatico

Can’t squat ass to grass? Deadlifting strength stalled? The problem could lie below — way below.

When I started lifting weights, I entered the gym as a 16-year ballet dancer with plenty of plantar flexion (pointed toes) and zero dorsiflexion (flexing ability). While this was great for executing pirouettes, it was problematic when it came to squatting.

While most people consider hip and hamstring mobility to be paramount for proper squatting and deadlift mechanics, if you lack ankle mobility, it foreshortens your depth potential and causes forward torso lean, which places unnecessary load on the lower back and increases the effort required to lift. Strength becomes stalled and can even decrease over time if ankle mobility is not addressed.

These five exercises are designed to improve overall ankle mobility, and they are broken up into preworkout and postworkout moves: Preworkout, you’re aiming to mobilize the ankles and calves in all directions and improve coordination with ankle ABC’s, as well as a low-lunge stretch to mobilize the calves and Achilles tendons. Postworkout, you’ll do three static stretches for the shins, calves and plantar fascia to improve range of motion, decrease postworkout soreness, and keep your muscles long, mobile and healthy.


Ankle ABC’s

Sit in a chair or stand by a sturdy structure or a wall for balance, then lift one foot off the floor. Draw the ABC’s slowly and deliberately with each foot, in uppercase or lowercase, cursive or all of the above.

Low-Lunge Stretch

Get into a wide runner’s lunge with your left foot forward, right leg behind. Drop your right knee to the floor and rest your torso on your left thigh. Place your hands on either side of your left foot, or grip your foot underneath your toes. Keep your left heel flat on the floor as you lean into your left thigh with your torso and gently press your left knee forward. Hold for 30 seconds, rest, then repeat. The second round, try to press your weight into your big toe for 15 seconds, then into your pinkie toe for 15 seconds.


Wall Calf Stretch

Place the ball of one foot against a wall with your heel on the floor, leg straight. Maintain even pressure along all five toes as you press your hips forward to find a deep stretch in your calf. Hold for 30 seconds, then release. Repeat two to three times.

Kneeling Shin Stretch

Get onto all fours with your knees and ankles together and the tops of your feet flat on the floor. Walk back with your hands and sit up until you feel a stretch in your shins, then hold for one minute. If you’re more flexible, place your hands behind you and slowly lean back, allowing your knees to lift off the floor and hold for 20 seconds (shown). Come back to all fours to rest briefly, then repeat twice more.

Kneeling Toe Stretch

Get on all fours and bring your knees and ankles together underneath you. Tuck your toes under, then walk your hands back so you’re sitting on your heels. If you’re flexible or want a deeper stretch, sit up tall and place your hands on your hips or in your lap (shown). Hold for one minute.

Powered by WPeMatico